I would like to remind you that one of the most common diseases is precancerous diseases of the larynx and pharynx. Chronic pharyngitis and laryngitis occur either as a result of constant colds, or as a result of constant harmful irritations (for example, Smoking), as well as professional diseases in singers, teachers, etc.both chronic pharyngitis and chronic laryngitis can become the ground for the occurrence of cancer.
The main sign of chronic inflammatory diseases of the larynx, indicating the transition to cancer, is a long-lasting hoarseness of the voice. In such cases, you should not reassure yourself that such hoarseness has happened before. It is necessary to undergo a thorough examination by an otolaryngologist to establish the diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment. Laryngeal fibroma is most often a single tumor located on the vocal cords. This is a small (several millimeters in diameter) rounded nodule. Fibroma has the appearance of a wart without any signs of inflammation around it and without ulceration. It occurs regardless of age and gender; in childhood, it can grow, sometimes it turns into a malignant tumor. Laryngeal papillomas are small tumors similar to normal warts,but without keratinization. Laryngeal adenoma was previously considered a purely benign tumor. It is currently found that it can turn into cancer. It is located not only in the larynx, but also in the upper trachea, in the recesses of its wall, and can also be in the large bronchi and even in the lungs themselves. The adenoma has a small size-about 1 cm in diameter, whitish-yellowish color; it infiltrates the wall of the larynx or trachea and extends into the lumen of the respiratory tube. This tumor grows very slowly, but over the years it can begin to grow rapidly, and as it increases, it fills the lumen of the trachea and makes it difficult to breathe. Men suffer from it more often at a young age. The tumor must be removed surgically.